Anao is a 5th class municipality in the province of Tarlac, Philippines. According to the latest census, it has a population of 10,806 people in 2,086 households. As the smallest municipality, Anao covers a total land area of 23.87 square kilometres. The area occupied by the municipality was formerly a part of Pangasinan. It is 34 kilometers east of the provincial capitol and nestling on the Tarlac-Nueva Ecija border. Located in the north-eastern part of Tarlac, it is bounded on the north by San Manuel, in the east by Nampicuan, on the south by the Ramos and on the west by the Paniqui and Moncada.